Year: 1085-711 a.C.
Dimension: Hight 54, Lenght 46 cm
Fragmentary, paint losses, good condition.
Third Intermediate Period, XXI-XXIV Dynasty, 1070-712 B.C. Sizeable upper part of a wooden sarcophagus, the owner, probably a woman, with facial features modelled in relief, the eyes and brows detailed in black, the mouth smiling in an enigmatic attitude, is depicted wearing a headdress painted in blue, a diadem with solar disc and a scarab embracing the top of the head. The body is decorated with several lines in blue, with and brown forming a large Usek collar.
Anthropoid coffins, were believed to be the idealized substitute for the deceased should something happen to the body. The face on the coffin was essential, even though it was seldom a true portrait of the deceased and more often representational. The tomb was the deceased’s eternal house, and the coffin an enclosure to safeguard his earthly remains, or spirit. In this setting, life would be insured in the afterworld in the same way as on earth. To the ancient Egyptians there was no difference between the coffin’s function and its religious importance; they were intertwined. A wooden coffin, with its painted, symbolic, sacred decorations and scenes, was paramount to the devout.