Year: 1567-1085 a.C.
Dimension: Higth 1,5 cm
New Kingdom. A steatite scarab carved with the royal name MEN-KHEPER-RA within a cartouche between a human headed sphinx and the winged Uraeus. Ex Gustave Mustaki collection; some of the Mustaki collection are in the British Museum, the collection was exported to the UK with export permits in 1948
MEN-KHEPER-RA is the Nesu-bit name of the famous pharaoh Thutmosis III. The scarab was linked to Khepri ("he who has come into being"), the god of the rising sun. The ancients believed that the dung beetle was only male in gender, and reproduced by depositing semen into a dung ball. The supposed self-creation of the beetle resembles that of Khepri, who creates himself out of nothing. Moreover, the dung ball rolled by a dung beetle resembles the sun. The image of the scarab, conveying ideas of transformation, renewal, and resurrection, is ubiquitous in ancient Egyptian religious and funerary art.