Dimension: Higth 8 cm
Imperial Period, I century A.D. A terracotta volutes oil lamp with conical body, flat bottom, volutes nozzle, decorated in relief with the theatrical mask of a bearded man in profile to left emerging from a cista, the wooden club of Heracles on the left.
Aside from their basic functional use for indoor and outdoor illumination, lamps also served other purposes. They were buried in tombs and graves along with pottery, jewellery, and other symbolic gifts. They could also be dedicated as votive offerings to gods and goddesses in temples and sanctuaries. Lamps were made using a two-part mould. Wet clay was pressed into each half of the mould and then the two halves were joined together. They were allowed to dry slightly, and then the moulds were removed and the oil-hole and wick-hole were pierced by hand. Finally, the lamp was fired in a kiln for up to two days.