Year: 0-200 d.C.
Dimension: Higth 2 cm; Lenght 1,2 cm
Imperial Period, I-II century A.D. A calcedony white intaglio of Athena, oval, depicting the goddess standing, her head is shown in profile to the right, her body in three-quarter view turned the other way, she wears a high-girt sleeveless chiton, she holds the staff and the shield and the laurel wreath in her right hand.
Glyptic, or "glyptic art", covers the field of small carved stones, including cylinder seals and inscriptions, especially in an archaeological context. Though they were keenly collected in antiquity, most carved gems originally functioned as seals, often mounted in a ring; intaglio designs register most clearly when viewed by the recipient of a letter as an impression in hardened wax. A finely carved seal was practical, as it made forgery more difficult - the distinctive personal signature did not really exist in antiquity.