Year: 650-550 a.C. circa
Dimension: Higth 24 cm circa
Note: Reddish-brown to green patina, neck gard partially restored, recomposed fractures.
VI century B.C. An Illyrian type bronze helmet (Type II, as defined in Angelo Bottini, et al., Antike Helme, Mainz, 1988) hemispherical, heavy skull with a strong, high crest base on the crown contoured by two stepped ridges on either side, raised lines and an attachment hole above the rectangular face cutout . Deep side cut-outs in back of the elegant, slightly constricted, pointed cheek pieces, with have holes for the chinstraps. Horizontal, narrow neck-guard. The perimeter is decorated with a heavy raised border with lentil-headed decorative rivets.
The Illyrian helmet probably originated in the Peloponnesus, but long after it had ceased to be current there it was popular among the warrior chieftains to the north beyond the Greek settlement, in modern Albania, Yugoslavia, i.e. ancient Illyria (hence its conventional name), and less so in Bulgaria and Rumania. They were imported into these parts from Greek workshops. The Illyrian helmet is close-fitting and gives good cover to the forehead and cheeks. However, the neck is exposed, though this will often have been taken care of by a special neck piece, which formed part of some metal corselets. There is no nose-guard, and also the helmet is unduly heavy with the weight of its thick walls. Again the lower edge is decorated simply with a border of ridges and dots. A leather strap was probably fitted through the holes in the cheek-piece.