Year: 350-300 a.C.
Dimension: Higth 14 cm
South Italy, second half of IV century B.C. A Gnathian black glazed ware net lekythos enlived with added white slip, decorated with cross hatched motif to body, neck with white painted vertical tongues.
This is an indigenous form of pottery produced in South Italy and named after the city of Gnathia (sometimes Egnatia). It was a Messapian settlement, c.60 km SE of Tarentum, but shows signs of considerable Greek influence by the 4th century BC, in its material culture and in its public buildings. Despite the name, Gnathian pottery was probably manufactured at Tarentum. It is a black-glazed ware, influenced by other Greek black-glaze techniques, but with added painted decoration. This is of a distinctive form - white and yellow are the most commonly used colors, and the emphasis is on garlands and floral decoration rather than figures scenes. These can range from a schematic series of dots to an elaborate and delicate scheme of decoration