Year: 350-300 a.C.
Dimension: Higth 11,8 cm
South Italy, second half of IV century B.C. A Gnathian black glazed ware mug enlived with white, red slip and incision, decorated with bands of chevrons and dots around the rim.
This is an indigenous form of pottery produced in South Italy and named after the city of Gnathia (sometimes Egnatia). It was a Messapian settlement, c.60 km SE of Tarentum, but shows signs of considerable Greek influence by the 4th century BC, in its material culture and in its public buildings. Despite the name, Gnathian pottery was probably manufactured at Tarentum. It is a black-glazed ware, influenced by other Greek black-glaze techniques, but with added painted decoration. This is of a distinctive form - white and yellow are the most commonly used colours, and the emphasis is on garlands and floral decoration rather than figures scenes. These can range from a schematic series of dots to an elaborate and delicate scheme of decoration