Year: 664-332 a.C. circa
Dimension: Higth 0,6 cm, Diameter 1,3 cm
Late Period. Transparent green glass turtle amulet naturalistically represented with legs head and tail emerging from the shell, details in yellow and red glass. Extremely Rare.
The evolution of amulets follows a fairly logical path. The first amulets were natural objects such as shells, and symbolically charged body parts of animals, such as claws from birds of prey. Then, still in Predynastic times, we find figurines of significant animals, such as the hippopotamus, falcon, and jackal. Through the Old Kingdom, there was a development of animal forms with increasing levels of sophistication, and by the middle of the Old Kingdom we find the abstract symbolic subjects (such as the Ankh (sign meaning “life”), the Udjat eye of Horus, the Djed pillar, and the scarab) which remain some of the most emblematic symbols of Egyptian culture. The turtle, like other aquatic creatures such as crocodiles and frogs, was a symbol of regeneration, and a protective spell describes the deceased as having "clad myself as a tortoise (in its shell)." Turtle amulets made of green jasper, faience, gold, ivory, amethyst, serpentine, and carnelian were buried with the dead. The turtle was sacred to the moon-god Khonsu. Despite this, because they were both classed as fish (seen as negative creatures), both turtles and tortoises were sometimes seen as enemies of the sun-god Ra, and agents of the evil god Set. Magical formulas such as "Ra shall live, the turtle shall die" were written on coffins during the New Kingdom