Year: 0-100 d.C.
Dimension: Higth 1,8 cm; Lenght 1,3 cm
Imperial Period, I-II century A.D. The flat bevelled oval red carnelian intaglio depicting Ares-Mars in military dress, frontally, standing with his head in profile to the left, wearing a high-crested helmet, a curiass, his spear in his upraised right hand, supporting a shield in his lowered left, on a ground line.
Glyptic, or "glyptic art", covers the field of small carved stones, including cylinder seals and inscriptions, especially in an archaeological context. Though they were keenly collected in antiquity, most carved gems originally functioned as seals, often mounted in a ring; intaglio designs register most clearly when viewed by the recipient of a letter as an impression in hardened wax. A finely carved seal was practical, as it made forgery more difficult - the distinctive personal signature did not really exist in antiquity.