Year: 700-600 A.C.
Dimension: Higth 14,5 cm; Diameter 18 cm
Intact, some chippings
VII century B.C. Bucchero ware cup with deep bowl and flared foot.
Ex private German collection, acquired in 1970.
Bucchero is the name given to the distinctive, lustrous black ware made by the Etruscans during the Orientalizing and Archaic periods. It is a refined form of Italian impasto pottery, which was made of unrefined clay, usually formed without the potter's wheel and fired brown/black. Bucchero was made of purified clay, turned on a wheel and burnished before firing. During firing, the supply of oxygen to the kiln was restricted so that the iron oxides in the clay caused it to turn black. This process (reduction) was probably assisted by the presence of carbon (organic material) in the kiln, which the potter deliberately introduced. The main centres of production were at Cerveteri, Veii and Tarquinia.