Year: 664-332 a.C.
Dimension: Higth 23 cm; Lenght 17 cm
Late Period, XXVI Dynasty B.C. This large, beautifully cast, and richly detailed statuette of god Horus represented as a resting falcon, wears the Pschent, the Double Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. Around the neck hangs an engraved depiction of an Usek collar composed of five lines. Engraving also details the elaborately patterned feathers and typical facial markings, slightly raised eyes. The thick heavy ridges of the legs contrast with the delicacy of the feathering, uniting the power and majesty of the falcon. The feet were cast separately and then attached to the rest of the body. The intricacy of the original wax model is evident in the powerfully curved talons that leave open spaces between the feet. Mounted. Ex Vermot e Associes 2015, private Belgian collection.
The soaring flight and predatory character of the falcon linked the mighty raptor to the god of the living king, Horus, early in the pharaonic tradition. The living king of Egypt was identified as an earthly Horus, and from the late Predynastic Period (c. 3100 BCE), the king bore a special royal “Horus name.” The falcon, as the sacred animal of Horus, came to symbolize divine kingship, as the king was the earthly representation of Horus. The common appearance of the Double Crown and uraeus on bronze figurines of falcons reinforces this royal connection. The falcon was also associated with the sky, with its eyes representing the sun and the moon and its large wings outspread to protect the earth below. Later, the falcon became associated with the sun god Re, bearing a sun disc on its head (known as Re-Harakhty). Other gods also had falcons as their sacred animals, such as Montu the god of war, who is distinguished by a double-plume headdress.