Year: 390-370 a.C.
Dimension: Higth 44 cm; Diameter 42 cm
Apulian 390-370 B.C. A red figure bell crater with bell shaped body and stepped foot with flaring rounded base, flaring rim with rolled edge and two upturned horizontal handles, the decoration enlived with added white paint, side a) showing a central seated figure of a lady holding up a tyrsos, she wears a belted chiton, a kekryphalos around her hair and luxury jewels, on the left a young male figure depicted nude with a diadem in his hair and holding a stick, his himathion wrapped around his left arm, on the right side a nude standing satyr, with wreaths in his hair and holding a torch with right hand upraised. Side b) decorated with a nude seated youth holding up a stick, his himathion wrapped around his right leg, a woman behind him bending forward with a phiale, she wears a belted chiton, a kekryphalos around her hair and luxury jewels, on the right side a standing man with himathion wrapped around his legs resting on a stick, in front of him a seated lady wearing long chiton, diadem an sakkos headdress, necklace, earrings and bracelets.
During the late fifth and fourth centuries AD, an intense production of particular ceramic objects, known as "Apulian red-figured pottery", is attested in Apulia, a region in the Southern Italy. The main feature of this pottery typology is related to the particular decorations: red-coloured figures that stand out from a "black gloss" background, on which white and/or yellow-coloured decorative motifs are painted sometimes. If the production technology seems to inherit the consolidated acknowledges of the Attic ceramists about red-coloured figures wares, the Apulian pottery presents peculiar stylistic and decorative features. This pottery was mostly produced for local markets. Only few pieces have been found outside Southern Italy and Sicily. The first workshops were founded in the mid-5th century BC by Attic potters. Soon, local craftsmen were trained and the thematic and formal dependence on Attic vases overcome. Towards the end of the century, the distinctive "ornate style" and "plain style" developed in Apulia.