Year: 664-332 a.C.
Dimension: Higth 1,8 cm
Late Period, XXVI Dynasty. A turquoise glazed composition amulet representing the goddess Nephthys wearing a close-fitting garment, her hands held to her side, headdress representing the hieroglyphic component of her name, dorsal column, striding on a rectangular base, detailed and fine incision despite the little dimension.
Nebt-het, or Nephthys, was the daughter of Seb and Nut, and the sister of Osiris, and Isis, and Seth, and the wife of Set, and the mother of Anubis, either by Osiris or Seth. The name "Nebt-het" means the "lady of the house," but by the word "house" we must understand that portion of the sky which was supposed to form the abode of the Sun-god Horus. In the earliest times Nephthys was regarded as the female counterpart of Seth, and she was always associated with him; nevertheless she always appears as the faithful sister and friend of Isis, and helps the widowed goddess to collect the scattered limbs of Osiris and to reconstitute his body.
An amulet is a small object that a person wears, carries, or offers to a deity because he or she believes that it will magically bestow a particular power or form of protection. In ancient Egypt, amulets might be carried, used in necklaces, bracelets, or rings, and—especially—placed among a mummy's bandages to ensure the deceased a safe, healthy, and productive afterlife. Egyptian amulets functioned in a number of ways. Symbols and deities generally conferred the powers they represent. Amulets depicting recognizable deities begin to appear in the Middle Kingdom (ca. 2030–1640 B.C.), and the New Kingdom (ca. 1550–1070 B.C.) showed a further increase in the range of amulet forms. With the III Intermediate Period (ca. 1070–712 B.C.), there was an explosion in the quantity of amulets, and many new types, especially deities, appeared. Egyptian amulets were worn by both the living and the dead.