Year: 350-300 a.C.
Dimension: Hight 18,5 cm; Diameter 17,8
One handle restored
Magna Graecia, IV century B.C. A Gnathian ware skyphos, decorated in added white, red and yellow slip, the neck with tongue and chevrones motifs, festoon in yellow and red slip, below bands of scrolling foliate with pendant tendrils and bunch of grapes. Provenance: Herakles Numismatik und Antiquitäten GmbH (München), who acquired it on the European art market since the 1970s; from 2000s
This is an indigenous form of pottery produced in South Italy and named after the city of Gnathia (sometimes Egnatia). It was a Messapian settlement, c.60 km SE of Tarentum, but shows signs of considerable Greek influence by the 4th century BC, in its material culture and in its public buildings. Despite the name, Gnathian pottery was probably manufactured at Tarentum. It is a black-glazed ware, influenced by other Greek black-glaze techniques, but with added painted decoration. This is of a distinctive form - white and yellow are the most commonly used colours, and the emphasis is on garlands and floral decoration rather than figures scenes. These can range from a schematic series of dots to an elaborate and delicate scheme of decoration